Utah County Birders Newsletter
Upcoming Field Trips
Bird of the Month
Field Trip Report - Farmington Bay & Lee Kay Ponds
Field Trip Report - Salt Lake County
Field Trip Report - Delta Snow Goose Festival
Backyard Bird of the Month
February Hotline Highlights
Thursday, March 8th, 2012
Our March meeting will be the showing of the movie: THE BIG YEAR - with Steve Martin, Jack Black, and Owen Wilson. It will be a fun and relaxing evening. Don't be late, the film is 95 minutes long so we'll need to start promptly.
Meet at 7:00 PM in the Bean Museum Auditorium on the BYU Campus.
Beginning birders are welcome.
Saturday March 10, 2012
Powder Mountain, Ogden Valley Hotspots led by Keeli Marvel. 7:30am-early afternoon. Meet at the American Fork Main Street Park and Ride (on the west side of I-15 off Pioneer Crossing) at 7:30 am. Weather dependent. If the weather is bad, we will stay in the county.
Saturday March 24, 2012
Juab County led by Bryan Shirley. Meet at 7am at the Payson Walmart. This will be a half day field trip to various hot spots in Juab County.
Saturday March 31, 2012
Sanpete County Hotspots led by Oliver Hansen. Meet @ 7:30am - Payson Walmart. Half a day trip to various habitats in Sanpete County to help people complete another county for the UCB 2012 Challenge.
by Bryan Shirley, UCB President
Santa Marta Toucanet
Island Birding in Columbia
When conditions are right, islands produce endemic birds. Islands have to be far enough away from the mainland to prevent most birds from reaching there, but close enough that occasionally one will. Once a population of birds is finally established on an island they change, or evolve, to fit the environment. The most famous example is of course the Galapagos and the finches found there, but the same thing has happened, or is happening, on islands around the world.
Last month I was lucky enough to visit an “island” full of endemics in Columbia. This island is not an island in the regular sense, but an island in the desert. The Andes come north into Columbia, but peter out long before reaching the northern coast. The habitat becomes hot and dry, creating a northern boundary for all of the species that live in the cool, moist Andes. For those species this desert is just as uninhabitable as the ocean and the mountains in the middle of it are an island. Sometime in the past, some birds somehow managed to make it there. Just like on islands they were an isolated population cut off from the rest of their species and overtime evolved into completely different species.
If you go through a Columbia bird book or birds of the world book, you are going to find a lot of birds that start with “Santa Marta”. There is the Santa Marta Toucanet, the Santa Marta Brush-Finch, the Santa Marta Parakeet, and a lot more. In all there are 19 species endemic to these mountains (and a couple more that everybody agrees should be a new species but are still waiting to be described). Most are relatively easily seen, but of course there are a few tough
ones as well.
The typical birding trip here involves a 2-3 hour drive up a pretty rough dirt road to El Dorado Lodge. The lodge has a bunch of hummingbird feeders and a few bananas to attract tanagers and other small birds. There are many trails around the lodge, but most of our birding was along the dirt road. Like the Andes, certain species are found only at certain elevations. Two mornings we left in the dark and drove about an hour up the road and birded there, while other times we drove several miles below the lodge and birded there as well. It was great birding everywhere.
One of the highlights was seeing 3 Antpitta species in one day, including the endemic Santa Marta Antpitta. Every evening one of the lodge employees takes a few worms and feeds the Santa Marta Antpitta just below the lodge so that one was easy. The other 2 species, Rufous Antpitta and Rusty-breasted Antpitta, were a lot more work. The Rufous even involved crawling into a thick patch of bamboo and waiting for a glimpse.
With all the Santa Marta endemics and then a couple of days in the desert as well I ended up seeing 50 lifers and had an awesome trip.
Photo by Jack Binch
Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)
by Carol Nelson
I love birding! It can cause my excitement to soar especially when I see the unexpected in my yard. I remember my thrill when I first sighted a Bald Eagle in my back yard on a Christmas day a few years ago. My excitement was just as high in the years that followed when I saw the Northern Goshawk perched in a big Cottonwood, Lewis’s Woodpecker sitting on our telephone pole, and a Eurasian Wigeon floating solo in the middle of the golf course pond behind our house then foraging under my feeders. There is much to be said about picking up a pair of binoculars and taking the opportunity to look out our windows.
This year I had another wonderful gift. When I picked up my binoculars to look at what my poor eye sight thought was a Bufflehead, I was shocked to see a male Hooded Merganser. Last year the female showed up for the first time, but I spent the winter wishing she were a male. My wish came true this year. Her more gorgeous partner has been almost a daily visitor since just before Christmas, and has been frolicking on the pond as I have been reading about him today.
The Hooded Merganser is a North American bird and the smallest of the three species we enjoy here. They are also known as saw-bills or fish-ducks. When I showed a picture to a golfing friend and he said it was a pretty fancy looking duck, I told him it wasn’t a duck, it was a merganser. Reading has proved me wrong. A merganser is a duck, but a duck with a very slender, elongated, serrated bill, tipped with a hooked nail. A large part of their diet is fish and the bill is ready made for capturing and controlling the slimy creatures. They also eat frogs, mud crabs, clams, crustaceans, especially crayfish, and aquatic insects, the insects being especially important to the feeding of the young. Mergansers locate their prey visually while swimming on shallow ponds with their faces submerged.
The female and the non breeding male look very much the same. They are dusky brown with reddish brown in the crest. The female looks like she has just stuck her bill in a light socket. Her bristly crest looks like it would be great for scrubbing pans. In breeding the male has rufous flanks, a white breast with two black stripes intercepting it near the neck, a golden eye and a black back and head surrounding the white fan-like crest, which when opened gives the merganser a huge high forehead.
Mergansers are very agile swimmers, but are awkward on land because their legs are set well back on their bodies. In flight, according to Sibley, they have very fast and shallow wing beats and seem to be flying with their wing tips. Their wings produce a high cricket like trill in flight, loudest in adult males.
One of the most common courtship behaviors of the male is the “Head-Throw.” “A male raises his crest and swims parallel to a female. He throws his head back sharply until it touches his back and then brings it forward slowly while emitting a rolling frog-like croak.” I don’t know, ladies. Do you think that would do anything for you?
They start breeding at the age of two and nest in cavities 10 to 50 feet up a tree. The female plucks “down” from her “brood patch” to line the nest. She lays 10 -12 white eggs and incubates them alone for 29-33 days. Within 24 hours of their hatching, the ducklings are called forth from the nest. The ducklings use sharp claws to reach the top of the cavity then drop to the ground. They are then taken to the safety of the water. They don’t need a mother to feed them or teach them to swim, in fact although the female does tend them and leads them to areas where they can find food, she leaves them on their own before they can fly.
The Hooded Merganser is a beautiful creature and truly a fine sight seen through a pair of binoculars out your kitchen window. OK, if truth be told, it’s a beautiful sight anyplace. (If you have a pond but no Merganser and would like to have one, you can purchase a courting Hooded Merganser decoy off the internet for a miserly $140.00. Then on days when your head is not so clear and neither is your eye sight, you may be able to convince yourself it’s the real thing.)
Information comes from Cornell, The Smithsonian National Zoological Park, and various field guides.
If you would like to write an article for the Bird of the Month, please contact Oliver Hansen -- 801-378-4771 - firstname.lastname@example.org .
Field Trip Report
Farmington Bay and Lee Kay Ponds - 4 February 2012
by Jeff Cooper
A group of twenty-one seasoned and beginning birders joined a Utah County
Birders-sponsored field trip this morning and made the drive up to Farmington
Bay and Lee Kay Ponds. The weather was awesome for a winter day with clear skies
and lots of sunshine. As always, the company was great, finding birds was fun,
and seeing the excitement on the faces of new birders was a delight.
We observed fewer species than hoped at Farmington Bay (30), but got great looks at 12 juvenile Black-crowned Night Herons in the phragmites west of the dike at one of the bridges. Several of them were initially visible from the bridge as they stood at the edge of the water and phragmites. Everyone in the group got good looks at the birds standing then flying from the phragmites. Amazingly, one or two other herons would fly from within the phragmites every few minutes and circle the area until all 12 flew off in the distance. Some wintering White-faced Ibis flew by about the same time. Very few Bald Eagles were seen today and most of the gulls and ducks were on the far east edge of the bay. We did not locate the limping Western Gull today. We did get good looks at a large group of Tundra Swans.
We did a quick pass of Glover Ponds on the way out and spotted at least two Richardson's Cackling Geese.
Lee Kay ponds added another 12 species to our list for a total of 42 for the day. The surprise there was a lone Double-crested Cormorant that flew overhead. What a strange winter this has been with summer birds wintering in Utah. The few gulls on the ponds were all California and Ring-billed. Surprisingly, none were Herring. We saw hundreds of gulls over the dump in the distance, but very few on the ponds today. We observed at least seven duck species and the Male Buffleheads and Hooded Mergansers were a treat for many in the group.
Thanks to all who joined the trip today and happy birding to the rest of our readers.
Field Trip Report
Salt Lake County - 18 February 2012
by Keeli Marvel
Utah County birders met Saturday morning to bird several locations in Salt Lake
County. Stops included: Lee Kay Ponds, Decker Lake, Redwood Trailhead Park,
Wheeler Farm, and the Sandy City Fishing Pond. Best birds of the field trip were
several raptor species sighted at Lee Kay ponds including Rough-legged Hawk,
Red-tailed Hawk, Prairie Falcon, and Peregrine Falcon. At
other stops throughout the trip we also picked up several American Kestrels,
and we rounded out our raptor count for the day with a Sharp-shinned Hawk
flying over the Sandy City Fishing Pond. We'd hoped for a Barrow's Goldeneye,
but were unable to locate one at any of the stops. A complete list of species
seen at each stop is below.
Lee Kay Ponds, Salt Lake, US-UT
Canada Goose 12
American Wigeon 1
Ring-necked Duck 50
Pied-billed Grebe 1
Northern Harrier 3
Red-tailed Hawk 1
Rough-legged Hawk 3
Peregrine Falcon 1 Seen by a few in the group.
Prairie Falcon 1 Seen by a few in the group.
gull sp. 100 Flying over landfill. Too far away for identification.
Black-billed Magpie 1
Common Raven 2
Horned Lark 1
European Starling 100
Song Sparrow 2
White-crowned Sparrow 30
Red-winged Blackbird 1
Western Meadowlark 1
Brewer's Blackbird 1
Lake Park, Salt Lake, US-UT
American Kestrel 2
Rock Pigeon 1
Decker Lake, Salt Lake, US-UT
Graylag Goose (Domestic type) 10
Canada Goose 29
Mute Swan 1
Mallard (Domestic type) 30
Northern Shoveler 10
American Coot 20
Ring-billed Gull 1
California Gull 1
gull sp. 20
Black-billed Magpie 1
Redwood Trailhead Park, Salt Lake, US-UT
Pied-billed Grebe 1
American Coot 6
Northern Flicker 2
Black-billed Magpie 2
American Robin 4
Song Sparrow 1
House Sparrow 3
Wheeler Farm, Salt Lake, US-UT
Graylag Goose (Domestic type) 10
Canada Goose 30
Mallard (Domestic type) 50
Rock Pigeon 100
Black-capped Chickadee 10
American Robin 6
Sandy Fishing Pond, Salt Lake, US-UT
Mallard (Domestic type) 20
Lesser Scaup 1
Pied-billed Grebe 10
Sharp-shinned Hawk 1
American Coot 20
American Robin 1
Field Trip Report
Delta Snow Goose Festival - 25 February 2012
by Oliver Hansen
Several cars worth of Utah Co. birders (about 15 people) made their way out to the Snow Goose Festival today. We birded at Gunnison Bend reservoir, Clear Lake WFMA, and the small reservior marked on google maps as DMAD reservoir. We found a "small" flock of maybe 3-4 thousand SNOW and ROSS'S GEESE early in the morning in some fields outside of town. Most of the access/dike roads in Clear Lake were closed for the season, but we did drive around to a few different spots and find a few flocks of waterfowl. By the time we got back into town and had some lunch, the SNOW GEESE had found their way to Gunnison Bend and a very nice lady with property right on the east side of the Lake let us walk down to the shore and get some amazing views of what I estimated to be 12-13 thousand SNOW GEESE including a few of the blue morph type.
I personally saw about 35 different species for the day and added a few new county birds to my Millard Co list. Not quite enough for the "expert level" for our Utah County Birders 2012 challenge, so some of us might want to think about heading back out there in the spring/summer to get some shorebirds and songbirds.
Some other highlights for me (besides the geese and good company) included seeing 10 SANDHILL CRANES near Lynndyl, Ut on the way into Delta. I saw 2 CRANES on the way out at the same location in the afternoon. Another was a flyover PRAIRIE FALCON at Clear Lake WMA. Another was a beautiful fly over ROUGH LEGGED HAWK in the canyon just W. of Nephi on HWY 132. Great day. Another find that came up as a seasonal rarity in ebird was the handful of CINNAMON TEAL we saw at Clear Lake WMA.
Notice how I didn't mention the horrible winds we had today. I'm trying to forget about the only bad part of the day =).
Dennis Shirley - Elk Ridge
A pair of Great Horned Owls calling during the night from our house roof top.
Alton Thygerson - Provo
Nothern Flicker - a periodic visitor searching for food (suet and seed).
Steve Carr - Holladay
Pine Siskin - Only one individual this whole winter, despite lots of American and Lesser Goldfinches.
Eric Huish - Pleasant Grove
Merlin - Executed some fast-flying, high-speed maneuvers chasing House Finches then Starlings over the yard.
Milt Moody - Provo
I finally got some Pine Siskins to show up at my thistle feeder.
Reed Stone - Provo
Several Yellow-rumped Warblers, Ruby-crowned Kinglet - always nice to see them.
Carol Nelson - Provo
The Hooded Merganser still occasionally dabbles around in the pond and was joined one day by a Great Blue Heron. An adult Bald Eagle was also a welcome visitor.
Cheryl Peterson - Provo
Female Cassin's Finch and several Pine Siskins and American Goldfinches.
Thanks to all who have supported us in the past. If you are interested in officially joining us this year, make out a check to Utah County Birders for $15.00 and mail it to:
2831 Marrcrest West
Provo, Utah 84604
You will be helping to support the web page and we will send you a copy of the newsletter.