Verification of Unusual Sight Record
For Utah

Rec. # 2016-41

Common name:

Broad-billed Hummingbird

Scientific name: Cynanthus latirostris
Date: 11/16/16
Time: 16:34
Length of time observed: 30 minutes
Number: 1
Age: Adult
Sex: Male
Location: 331 W 1910 S, Hurricane, 84737
County: Washington
Latilong: 37.1465x-113.2953
Elevation: 3,373
Distance to bird: 5 ft or greater
Optical equipment: Nikon D7200, 55-300mm lens
Weather: partly cloudy
Light Conditions: moderate to bright
Description:        Size of bird: 3 1/2" longą
(Description:)       Basic Shape: typical
(Description:)  Overall Pattern: brilliant blue throat, green overall, white stripe behind eye
(Description:)            Bill Type: bright red/pink to black on tip
Field Marks and
Identifying Characteristics:
Short rapid chatters; scratchy. I have heard more of a call/song from the same bird on other days.
(see photos)
Song or call & method of delivery:  
Behavior: Seemingly typical of the species; rests stationary for long periods of time. Is definitely more cautious than other hummingbird species that visit my yard throughout the year. Visits native creosote bushes and one tamarisk tree on the edge of my property more often than any other habitat. Seems to be most active when the yard is busy with other birds (sparrows, goldfinches, juncos and doves). Feeds at two feeders I have installed; one from a porch overhang with a heat light above, the other from a volunteer Elm tree. Prefers the latter during the day as it does not get visited by honeybees.
Habitat: Residential area one block from open farm ground and orchard, and less than 100 yards from undeveloped desert habitat at increasing elevation. Yard features dozens of rosemary bushes, two mimosa trees, a volunteer elm tree, nectarine tree, apricot tree, a dead cherry tree that he likes perching in for a good survey of the yard. The yard is bordered by a dozen or so native creosote and quite a few native rabbitbrush bushes. The neighbor has an invasive native tamarisk tree/bush on our shared property line.
Yard is lower than East and South surrounding neighbors.
Smaller plants border a smaller fenced in space with artificial turf.
Similar species and how
were they eliminated:
The broad-billed was first spotted around 10/10/16. I was unable to photograph him until 10/30. Other hummingbird species (Rufous as the latest) had migrated out in September.
Previous experience with
this & similar species:
I had never seen a Broad-billed Hummingbird in person before this one began visiting my yard/feeders.
I have a steady stream of Black-chinned Hummingbirds and Rufous Hummingbirds through their "normal" seasons in our area.
The past 3 falls/winters I have had a Costa's Hummingbird, again a singular adult male, visit the yard. Last year was his longest stay, being first sighted in mid-November, not being sighted for nearly the whole month of December, then being a regular in the yard through February.
References consulted: Audubon website and Hummingbirds HOME app and AudubonBirds app, Merlin Bird ID app, general internet.
Description from: From photo(s) taken at the time of the sighting
Observer: September Smith
Observer's address: 331 W 1910 S, Hurricane UT 84737
Observer's e-mail address: **
Other observers who independently identified this bird:  
Date prepared: 11/17/16
Additional material: Photos
Additional comments: