Verification of Unusual Sight Record
For Utah

Rec. # 2016-27a

Common name:

Canada Warbler

Scientific name: Cardellina canadensis
Date: September 9, 2016
Time: 4:30 pm
Length of time observed: 20 minutes
Number: 1
Age: juvenile ?
Sex: ??
Location: Big Cottonwood Park
County: Salt Lake
Elevation: 4300'
Distance to bird: 10 feet
Optical equipment: Zeiss 10x42 binos, Nikon D5200 w/55-300mm lens
Weather: clear, sunny, low 80's
Light Conditions: shady understory with filtered light
Description:        Size of bird: small songbird
(Description:)       Basic Shape: warbler type
(Description:)  Overall Pattern: gray above, yellow below
(Description:)            Bill Type: pointed
Field Marks and
Identifying Characteristics:
Upperparts all plain gray, no wing bars. Underparts all yellow, with necklace of gray-brown streaks. Gray tail with white undertail coverts. Complete bold white eye-ring. Bill pointed, with dark upper mandible and pink lower mandible. Pink legs and feet.
(see photos)
Song or call & method of delivery: no song, some intermittent chip notes
Behavior: active foraging in denser areas of mid-level foliage
Habitat: shady mixed deciduous understory surrounding swampy pond
Similar species and how
were they eliminated:
Species with white eye-ring are

Nashville -- lacks complete gray upperparts and white undertail
Connecticut -- lacks yellow throat and white undertail
Magnolia (female) -- has wing bars and black streaks on side
Prairie (female) -- lacks gray back, bold eye-ring
Previous experience with
this & similar species:
Seen Canada, Magnolia and Prairie at various locations back East. See Nashville annually in migration. One sighting of Connecticut.
References consulted: Sibley
Description from: From photo(s) taken at the time of the sighting
Observer: Joel Beyer
Observer's address: Holliday, UT
Observer's e-mail address: **
Other observers who independently identified this bird: Kathy Beyer
Date prepared: September 10, 2016
Additional material: Photos
Additional comments: