Verification of Unusual Sight Record
For Utah

Rec. # 2015-31

Common name:

Least Flycatcher

Scientific name: Empidonax minimus
Date: 09-20-2015
Time: 11:30am
Length of time observed: 5 minutes
Number: 1
Age:  ?
Sex:  ?
Location: Salt Lake International Center
County: Salt Lake
Elevation: 4250ft
Distance to bird: 3m
Optical equipment: Nikon 10x50 Binoculars, Canon SX50 hs Digital Camera
Weather: Sunny and clear, 70F
Light Conditions: Excellent
Description:        Size of bird: Small flycatcher
(Description:)       Basic Shape: typical Empidonax
(Description:)  Overall Pattern: overall grayish brown, with a white throat
(Description:)            Bill Type: short
Field Marks and
Identifying Characteristics:
Tiny empid, with a short tail, olive brown back, a white throat, short bi-colored bill, and a short primary projection. No other empid has that combination of field marks. The extremely close looks allowed excellent photos
(see photos)
Song or call & method of delivery: none heard
Behavior: Perched up on a bush in plain view very close for a few minutes, then flitted off to unknown quarters
Habitat: cultivated tree near a parking lot, in a known migrant trap on the south end of the Great Salt Lake
Similar species and how
were they eliminated:
Dusky has a grayish throat, is larger with a longer tail

Hammond has a gray throat, darker bill and longer primary projection

Gray is larger and has a longer tail that it pumps down, and longer bill, plus duller gray color

'Westerns' and Yellow-bellied are much yellower
Previous experience with
this & similar species:
Yes, many
References consulted:  'The Sibley Guide to Birds' D.A. Sibley 2014, online photos and articles
Description from: From photo(s) taken at the time of the sighting
Observer:  Bryant Olsen
Observer's address: 688 East 700 South #105, SLC, UT 84102
Observer's e-mail address: **
Other observers who independently identified this bird: none
Date prepared: 10-14-2015
Additional material: Photos