Verification of Unusual Sight Record
For Utah

Rec. # 201

Common name:

Baltimore Oriole

Scientific name: Icterus galbula
Date: 10-1-12
Time: 11:30 am
Length of time observed: Seen several times throughout the day
Number: 1
Location: 425 Neil Armstrong Rd, Salt Lake City, UT 84116
County: Salt Lake
Latilong: 40.778211,-112.009529
Elevation: 4226 ft
Distance to bird: 20 feet
Optical equipment: Binoculars, 400 mm lens on camera
Weather: Mid 80s, clear and sunny
Light Conditions: Noon light to dusk, clear and sunny
Description:        Size of bird: Slender bird, considerably smaller than nearby starlings
(Description:)       Basic Shape: Long and slender passerine
(Description:)  Overall Pattern: Orange and black
(Description:)            Bill Type: Pointed and thin
Field Marks and
Identifying Characteristics:
Bright, deep orange bird with black wings with thin white wingbars. Head mottled with black all over, from nape, heading down to olive gray/orange back. Tail orange with tinges of gray but no black. Faint white mottling on the head around the bill area.
(see photos)
Song or call & method of delivery: This bird made no auditory cues.
Behavior: Feeding upon olives in russian olive tree, also gleaning the holes the nearby sapsucker had made. Periods of resting and grooming, followed by foraging. Frequently hung upside-down on branches during feeding.
Habitat: Mixed habidat in industrial area, including phragmites, russian olives, cottonwood trees, and grassy areas. Bird had a preference for the russian olive in which a sapsucker had made claim.
Similar species and how
were they eliminated:
Ruling out Bullock's Oriole:
Wingbars too thin
Smaller size
Black mottling covered entire head area not just chin, eyeline, and cap as seen in Bullock's.
No black apparent on tail
Bright orange color would only be consistent with male Bullock's Oriole, and the black head patterns are not consistent with male Bullock's.

Too deep orange to be Scott's Oriole
Smaller than Scott's Oriole
Winbars not consistent with Scott's Oriole
Previous experience with
this & similar species:
Very familiar with Bullock's Orioles. Have been able to ID Bullock's Oriole's since they visited my childhood home.
References consulted: The Sibley Guide to Birds
The National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America
Description from: From memory
Observer: Stephanie Greenwood
Observer's address: 90 W 500 S #513 Bountiful UT 84010
Observer's e-mail address: **
  Tim Avery, Jeff Bilsky, Bryant Olsen, Jack Binch, Norm Jenson, Shyloh Robinson, Kenny Frisch, Steve Sommerfeld, Cindy Sommerfeld
Date prepared: 10-3-12
Additional material: Photos