Verification of Unusual Sight Record
For Utah

Rec. # 2009-25

Common name:

Northern Parula

Scientific name: Parula americana
Date: Sep 23 & 24, 2008
Time: late afternoon
Length of time observed: 10 min
Number: 1
Age:  ?
Sex: either female or first-winter male ?
Location: Red HIlls Golf Course, St. George
County: Washington
Latilong: 19
Elevation: ~ 850 m
Distance to bird: 3 - 10 m
Optical equipment: 8 x 42 binoculars, 300 mm Nikkor lens
Weather: clear and calm
Light Conditions: clear afternoon light
Description:        Size of bird:  
(Description:)       Basic Shape:  
(Description:)  Overall Pattern:  
(Description:)            Bill Type:  
Field Marks and
Identifying Characteristics:
Observed in a mixed warbler flock in the cottonwoods along the east side of fairway 8, occasionally moving into adjacent mesquites to feed. Relocated and photographed on 9/24/08. Apparently a female or first-fall male.

Relatively small warbler, with yellow throat, white undersides and bluish uppersides. Crown, nape, wings and upperside of tail blue, with a distinct green mantle. Wings with two prominent white wingbars. Eye dark with dark eye-line and white eye arcs above and below eye. Thin bill with dark culmen and yellow lower mandible. Yellow chin, throat, and upper breast, with a rufous breast band with a indistinct black upper border. Legs gray with pale yellowish feet. Underside of tail white with a black terminal band.
(see photos)
Song or call & method of delivery: none heard
Habitat: urban golf course
Similar species and how
were they eliminated:
Tropical Parula eliminated by presence of eye-arcs and rufous and black breastband, and no black loral area.
Previous experience with
this & similar species:
References consulted:  
Description from: Notes made later
Observer: Rick Fridell
Observer's address: Hurricane, UT
Observer's e-mail address:
Other observers who independently identified this bird:  
Date prepared: 12-16-09
Additional material: Photos
Additional_Comments: information copied from field notes.