Verification of Unusual
Rec. # 2007-22
|Scientific name:||Protonotaria citrea|
|Date:||Nov 2, 2006|
|Length of time observed:||45 min - 1 hr|
|Age:||First-year or adult|
|Location:||773 and 796N. 700E., Morgan|
|Distance to bird:||10-30 feet|
|Optical equipment:||8 x 42 binoculars|
|Weather:||Clear and sunny|
|Light Conditions:||Full sun to dappled shade|
|Description: Size of bird:||Small passerine|
|(Description:) Basic Shape:||Stout body, short-tailed|
|(Description:) Overall Pattern:||Yellow head and underparts; gray wings and tail|
|(Description:) Bill Type:||Insect-eating; piercing|
Field Marks and
Overall chunky-looking warbler due to larger body size than most warblers,
relatively large head and short, wide tail.
Bill: more like an oriole than a warbler; thicker and longer than typical warbler bills. Upper mandible dark, lower mandible horn-colored on basal portion and dark on distal end.
Eye: large and black.
Legs and feet: steely gray-blue.
Bold bright yellow with olive tinge to forehead, crown and nape. Sides of face and throat: bright yellow.
Mantle: yellow-green, contrasting slightly with nape.
Lower back and uppertail coverts: gray
Wings and tail: unmarked gray; bluish cast in low light. Unmarked.
Breast and belly: same bright yellow as face. Missing a clump of feathers on right side.
Vent area, undertail coverts: white.
Didn't see tail spot pattern.
|Song or call & method of delivery:||High-pitched, tiny "Seep" call in flight.|
Moving and foraging constantly in small trees, low hedges and garden plants or
on the ground. Saw the bird eat a daddy long-legs on the ground; other observers
saw the bird forage in hawthorne and maple trees, forage for aphids in a low
hedge, and frequent a garden with
dried corn plants. Bird was most frequently seen piercing and eating grapes in a garden.
In flight, bird seemed to make a beeline to its next foraging location; no wavering or indecision displayed in flight route.
|Habitat:||Rural neighborhood yards|
were they eliminated:
Clear yellow face and underparts with unmarked gray wings shown only by this
Lack of dark facial and upper breast markings and wing bars eliminates Blue-winged Warbler and Blue-winged x Golden-winged hybrids.
Gray wings and short tail eliminate female Hooded and Yellow Warblers.
Lack of yellow spectacles and white wing-bars eliminate Yellow-green Vireo.
White undertail coverts, bill type and lack of wing-bars eliminate tanagers.
this & similar species:
|None with Prothonotary, Golden-winged, Hooded Warblers or Y-g Vireo; have seen the other comparison species sparingly except for ubiquitous Yellow Warbler.|
|References consulted:||Sibley, Peterson's Warblers, Cornell's BNA species account|
|Description from:||From memory|
|Observer:||Kristin M. Purdy|
|Observer's address:||1961 Arapaho Circle, Ogden, UT 84403|
|Observer's e-mail address:||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Other observers who independently identified this bird:||
Oct 31 - Nov 6: Arnold Smith
Oct 31: Aaron and Shauna Smith
Nov 2: Keith Evans, Pomera Fronce, Paul Higgins, Jack Rensel, David and
Nov 4: Glenn Barlow, Lu Giddings, Cindy and Steve Sommerfeld, Mark
Stackhouse, Merrill Webb
Nov 5: Glenda Cotter, Carol Gwynn, MarJean Muhlestein, Donna and Glen
Nov 6: Edson Leite and Beth...?
|Date prepared:||Aug 9, 2007|
|Additional material:||Paul Higgins' images|
|Additional Comments:||Late submission due to a lame excuse; I thought Arnold would submit the report. Multiple observers and extensive photo documentation make this a good one to add to state records.|